Numbing the area
The dentist will most likely use a topical anesthetic to numb the area. This numbing agent will numb the gums and teeth, so the patient will not feel any pain in the area surrounding the tooth. If the patient is experiencing anxiety about the appointment, the dentist may recommend an oral sedative. These medications are available by prescription, and they can be very effective in reducing anxiety.
Removal of the decayed area of the tooth
Once the area is numbed, your dentist will remove any decay using a drill, laser, or air abrasion instrument. The instrument will be chosen depending on the comfort level and preference of the dentist, as well as the extent of the decay. Then, the cavity will be cleaned and shaped to prepare it for filling.
Filling the cavity
This step involves the dentist placing the filling material on the tooth, molding it into the desired shape, and curing it with a special light. The light is used to speed up the aging process of the bonding material, hardening it so that it forms a strong bond with your tooth. The light will also stimulate the bonding material to bond more quickly to the tooth.
Polishing the filling and adjusting the bite
The dentist then polishes the filling and adjusts the bite. The bite is the position the teeth make when the mouth is closed. The bite must be correct to allow for comfortable chewing, talking, and jaw movement. If there is any discomfort, the dentist reshapes the filling again to adjust the bite.